The Republic of Armenia is a sovereign, democratic, welfare state, governed by the rule of law, and founded on the principles of separation and balance of powers among the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government. The President is the head of state, elected for a term of fve years
The legislative branch is embodied by the National Assembly, comprised of 131 parliamentarians. The National Assembly is also elected for a fve-year term, elections being most recently held in May 2012.Executive power is in the hands of the Government of the Republic of Armenia, which consists of the Prime Minister and the body of 18 Ministers. In addition, there are seven state agencies adjunct to the Government. At the provincial level, Government policy is implemented by the governors (marzpets). Communities are self-governing. All powers of government administration not claimed by subnational levels revert to the Government.
The judicial branch is composed of the Courts of First Instance, Courts of Appeal, and the Supreme Court. The highest authority, outside of constitutional questions, is the Supreme Court, whose role is to ensure the uniform application of law.
THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA IS A SOVEREIGN, DEMOCRATIC, WELFARE STATE, GOVERNED BY THE RULE OF LAW, AND FOUNDED ON THE PRINCIPLES OF SEPARATION AND BALANCE OF POWERS AMONG THE LEGISLATIVE, EXECUTIVE AND JUDICIAL BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT.
Political parties and civil society
Political parties are well-established in Armenia, and their relative strengths may be gauged by election results. At the National Assembly of Armenia election held in May 2012, the ruling Republican Party gained a majority of the Parliament seats. The Prosperous Armenia Party came in second with about one fourth of the seats, while the Armenian National Congress, Heritage, Armenian Revolutionary Federation, and OEK Rule of Law parties won less than 10% each. The National Assembly is comprised of 131 deputies, 90 elected by a proportional and 41 elected by a majority system of voting. Civil society institutions in the country are diverse and vibrant. There are more than a thousand nongovernmental organizations in the spheres of human rights and public policy, youth issues, humanitarian assistance, women issues, community development, children and family issues, health, education, national heritage, agriculture, national minorities, refugee issues, international relations and others. The law “On Public Organizations” emphasizes the importance of civil society, and sets forth the rights of persons to form public associations in Armenia as well as the formation, activities, re-organization and dissolution of public organizations.
CIVIL SOCIETY INSTITUTIONS IN THE COUNTRY ARE DIVERSE AND VIBRANT.